Acquired Immune Deficency arises from a virus that may have remained dorment for as long as 10 years. It may lead to the body's immunune system failure. Failure may include failure to defend against the measels and other common viruses. Failure may mean that the immune system turns against friendly organisms in the body.
Transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus by way of human blood may lead to AIDS. Often a sexually transmitted viruse, HIV also infects by way of blood transfusion and needle stick. It remains of grave concern to biohazard cleanup practitioners as well as, especially, health care workers.
Airborne biohazards include avian flu (H5N1), hantavirus influenza, seasonal measles meningitis mumps overview pertussis rubella (German measles) SARS swine flu (H1N1) tuberculosis varicella (chickenpox)
Airborne precautions include
Transmission of viruses and bacteria, germs, by way of sneezes and coughs. More generally, vectors may constitute "airborne" biological threats in the context of spreading bloodborne pathogens (germs) like the Zika virus and malaria.
Pathogens, also known as "germs," produce disease. These may include disease-causing pathogens encountered in work places as well as homes. These include viruses (eg, measles), bacteria (eg, tuberculosis), fungi (eg, athlete's foot), protozoa (eg, giardiasis), prions (eg, mad cow disease), parasitic worms (eg, tapeworms), and rickettsia (eg, typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever).
Standard operating procedures (SOPs) and practices used in the workplace to reduce and prevent exposures. These include training programs, enforcing exclusion of ill employees, improving respiratory hygiene, which means cough etiquette strategies and promotion of vaccinations. It's an ongong developmento of exposure control plans.