Biohazard Cleanup Glossary


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Biohazard Cleanup Narrative
  • Administrative controls
  • Aerosol Transmissible Disease Standard (Cal/ OSH, ACCR Title 8 Section 5199)
  • AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) arising from HIV
  • Airborne pathogens
  • Airborne precautions
  • Airborne transmission
  • Antigens Antiseptic hand cleaner
  • Bloodborne
  • Bacteria
  • Blood
  • Bloodborne pathogens defined hepatitis B virus hepatitis C virus HIV occupational exposure incidents OSHA Standard (29 CFR 1910.1040) overview reporting requirements transmission of Body substance isolation
  • Bordetella pertussis
  • Broken glass
  • California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Cal/ OSHA)
  • Chain of transmission
  • Chickenpox
  • Cleaning work surfaces
  • Contact precautions
  • Contact transmission
  • Contaminated clothing
  • Contaminated sharps
  • Contaminated spills
  • Cough etiquette D
  • Decontamination of personal glasses of sharps of work surfaces and tools
  • Direct contact transmission
  • Droplet transmission
  • Emergency ventilation
  • Engineering controls
  • Exposure
  • Exposure control plans
  • Exposure incidents
  • Exposure site treatment
  • Eye protection
  • Face shields
  • Flu
  • Fomites
  • German measles
  • Glass, broken
  • Gloves removal technique
  • Gowns
  • Hand hygiene and handwashing facilities
  • Hantavirus
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • H5N1 (avian flu)
  • Hierarchy of controls
  • High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration systems HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
  • H1N1 (swine flu)
  • Hypoallergenic gloves
    Jaundice Job classifications with potential exposure to blood or OIPMs L
  • Laboratory coats Latex allergy Legal issues. See also Occupational Safety and Health Administration M
  • Mantoux test Masks
  • Measles Medical evaluation Medical surveillance Meningitis
  • MMR vaccine Mucous membranes Mumps
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) N
  • Needleless systems
  • Needle recapping
  • Needlestick Safety
  • Prevention Act Non-human transmission
  • Nonintact skin Nonlatex gloves O Occupational exposure Occupational exposure incidents
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) exposure rules persons needing training post exposure management steps reporting requirements standards of. See also specific standards One-handed needle recapping technique
  • Opportunistic infections
  • Other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs)
  • Parasitic worms
  • Pathogens. See also specific types chain of transmission defined importance of knowledge about legal issues
  • atients (source individuals)
  • Percutaneous injuries
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Pertussis Pneumatic tube systems Portal of entry
  • Portal of exit
  • Postexposure management
  • Prevention strategies administrative controls contaminated sharps cough etiquette engineering controls eye protection face shields gloves gowns hand hygiene and handwashing facilities hierarchy of controls masks
  • Needlestick Safety
  • Prevention Act
  • Prions Protozoa Purified protein derivative (PPD)
  • Regulated waste
  • Reporting requirements for exposure
  • Respirator masks
  • Respiratory hygiene
  • Respiratory Protection Standard (OSHA CFR 1910.134) Resuscitator devices Retraining
  • Rickettsia Risk assessment, postexposure
  • Routes of transmission
  • Rubella (German measles)
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  • Sharps containers for contaminated decontaminated injuries
  • Needlestick Safety
  • Prevention Act one-handed recapping technique
  • Shingles Source individuals (patients)
  • Source Material
  • Source of transmission
  • Spills, contaminated
  • Standard precautionst
  • Substances requiring standard precautions
  • Surgical masks
  • Susceptible hosts Swine flu (H1N1) T Training, OSHA Transmission-based precautions
  • Tuberculosis (TB) U
  • Uniforms Universal precautions V
  • Vaccination chickenpox HBV influenza measles meningitis MMR vaccine mumps pertussis rubella (German measles)
  • Vaccines
  • Varicella (chicken pox)
  • Vector transmission Viral hepatitis. See Hepatitis B virus; Hepatitis C virus
  • Viruses
  • Whooping cough
  • Work areas Work practice controls
  • Work surfaces, cleaning








Government Agencies

Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)



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Acquired Immune Deficency arises from a virus that may have remained dorment for as long as 10 years. It may lead to the body's immunune system failure. Failure may include failure to defend against the measels and other common viruses. Failure may mean that the immune system turns against friendly organisms in the body.

Transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus by way of human blood may lead to AIDS. Often a sexually transmitted viruse, HIV also infects by way of blood transfusion and needle stick. It remains of grave concern to biohazard cleanup practitioners as well as, especially, health care workers.

Airborne biohazards include avian flu (H5N1), hantavirus influenza, seasonal measles meningitis mumps overview pertussis rubella (German measles) SARS swine flu (H1N1) tuberculosis varicella (chickenpox)

Airborne precautions include

Transmission of viruses and bacteria, germs, by way of sneezes and coughs. More generally, vectors may constitute "airborne" biological threats in the context of spreading bloodborne pathogens (germs) like the Zika virus and malaria.

Pathogens, also known as "germs," produce disease. These may include disease-causing pathogens encountered in work places as well as homes. These include viruses (eg, measles), bacteria (eg, tuberculosis), fungi (eg, athlete's foot), protozoa (eg, giardiasis), prions (eg, mad cow disease), parasitic worms (eg, tapeworms), and rickettsia (eg, typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever).

Standard operating procedures (SOPs) and practices used in the workplace to reduce and prevent exposures. These include training programs, enforcing exclusion of ill employees, improving respiratory hygiene, which means cough etiquette strategies and promotion of vaccinations. It's an ongong developmento of exposure control plans.